Beats Help Theory Things   William Wieland
Quarter Notes (1 beat each)
Quarter Rests (1 beat of silence each)
Half Notes (2 beats each)
Half Rests (2 beats of silence each)
Dotted Half Note (3 beats)
(a dot adds half the value)
Whole Note (4 beats)
Whole Rest (a whole bar of silence)
(not necessarily 4 beats)
Time Signatures:4 quarters per measure4-beat Conducting Pattern . (page 34)
3 quarters per measure3-beat Conducting Pattern . (page 20)
2 quarters per measure2-beat Conducting Pattern . (page 44)