- Practical Skill — Even if you do not plan to conduct a choir, many of you will help others learn parts some day.
- Counting — You must count accurately to perform in a group without a conductor. Piano players often develop the bad habit of stopping and starting. You must keep playing even when you make a mistake.
- Listening — You must listen to both your part(s) and the other parts.
- Repertoire — The choral scores are mostly famous compositions worth knowing.
- Keyboard Competency (item 6)